Quality of life in onychomycosis patients at H. Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan - Indonesia, 2016

Gustina Putri , Isma Aprita Lubis, Imam Budi Putra

Gustina Putri
Departement of Dermatology and Venereology Faculty of Medicine, University of Sumatera Utara, Indonesia. Email: [email protected]

Isma Aprita Lubis
dr.Pirngadi General Hospital Medan, Indonesia

Imam Budi Putra
Departement of Dermatology and Venereology Faculty of Medicine, University of Sumatera Utara, Adam Malik General Hospital, University of Sumatera Utara General Hospital, Medan, Indonesia
Online First: October 03, 2018 | Cite this Article
Putri, G., Lubis, I., Putra, I. 2018. Quality of life in onychomycosis patients at H. Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan - Indonesia, 2016. Bali Medical Journal 7(3). DOI:10.15562/bmj.v7i3.998

Background: Onychomycosis describes fungal infection of the nail caused by dermatophytes, non-dermatophytes molds, or yeast. It affects up to 14% of the population worldwide. Although onychomycosis is not a life-threatening condition, the disease does not only appear to be a cosmetic problem, it has been suggested that patient can experience deleterious psychologic effects. Onychomycosis has the psychological, psychosocial, and emotional impact that reduce patient’s quality of life.

Objective: To determine the quality of life in onychomycosis patients.

Subject and methods: This research was a descriptive study with a cross-sectional design involving 43 onychomycosis patients. The diagnosis of onychomycosis was confirmed by physical examination and fungal culture. Each subject answered NailQoL questionnaires and the results were assessed. Value with a higher score shows the lower quality of life.

Result:  Quality of life in the most onychomycosis patients was the lower quality of life with the value of NailQoL in the number of ≥37 (41,9%). Based on the gender, the female had the lower quality of life (41,9%). Based on the age, patients in 30-39 years old group had the lower quality of life (62,5%). Based on the education level, patients who went to university had lower quality of life (50,0%). Based on patient’s occupation, the student has the lower quality of life (100%). Based on the duration of illness, patients with more than 10 years duration of illness had a lower quality of life (60,0%). Based on the number of nail involvement, patients with 11-15 nails and 16-20 nails involvement had the lower quality of life (100%).  

Conclusion: Quality of life in the most of onychomycosis patients was the lower quality of life. The lower quality of life was more common in female patients, patients in 30-39 years old group, university education level, students, >10 years duration of illness,                       11-15 and 16-20 number of nails involvement. 



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