Introduction: Physical and mental disorders are highly prevalent in patients undergoing hemodialysis and heart transplant and thus reduce the outcomes of patients. Management of these disorders can improve heart and kidney diseases, promote quality of life of patients and reduce their treatment costs. This study compares life expectancy, quality of life, irrational health beliefs, health locus of control, and hospital depression of patients undergoing hemodialysis and heart transplant in Shahid-Rajaee hospital.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 on 190 patients with a history of hemodialysis and heart transplant in Shahid-Rajaee hospital. Data were collected by using adult hope scale, quality of life scale, multidimensional health locus of control (MHLC) scale, irrational belief test, and hospital anxiety and depression scale.
Results: the results showed a significant difference between hemodialysis and heart transplant patients in irrational health beliefs (p=0.001) and hospital depression (p=0.001). Moreover, there was no significant difference between hemodialysis and heart transplant patients in life expectancy (p=0.70), quality of life (p=0.68) and hospital depression (p=0.21).
Conclusion: hemodialysis patients and heart transplant patients are significantly different in irrational health beliefs and hospital depression considering their physical and mental conditions caused by the disease.