Introduction: Hospitalization for surgery is associated with stress and anxiety for most patients. Candidates for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) experience a lot of stress and tension. This study aimed to identify and explore the determinants of stress in CABG patients.
Methods: This qualitative study builds on content analysis. The sample consisted of 21 CABG patients. Data was collected via unstructured interviews, and the sample was selected based on purpose and with maximum variation. The process of data analysis proposed by Graneheim and Lundman was followed. Credibility and dependability of the study were assured according to Guba and Lincolnâ€™s evaluative criteria.
Results: The results were categorized into three main themes and five categories in terms of nature. The three-emerging themes include "presentation", "situational determinants", and "uncertainty".
Conclusion: Mental stress affects the length of stay in the hospital, postoperative pain, and quality of life. It is necessary to identify the most important stressors perceived by CABG patients, to control stress, and hence to comfort patients mentally by healthcare providers.
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