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Impact estimation of long regular exercise on hemostasis and blood rheological features of patients with incipient hypertension

  • Kotova Vladimirovna ,
  • Zavalishina S.Yu ,
  • Makurina O.N ,
  • Kiperman Ya.V ,
  • Savchenko A.P ,
  • Skoblikova T.V ,
  • Skripleva E.V ,
  • Zacepin V.I ,
  • Skriplev A.V ,
  • Andreeva V.Yu ,

Abstract

Background: For practice it is still very important to search ways of early correction of arterial hypertension displays with the help of non-medication. In this connection it seems to be important to identify the impact of regular athletic exercise on early developing of arterial hypertension, hemostatic and rheological abnormalities in persons of young age.

Methods: We investigated 99 young patients with arterial hypertension of the 1st degree. The patients were divided into two comparable groups. The first experimental group consisted of 57 persons who regularly - one hour a day, six times a week, during a year - experienced athletic exercises. The second experimental group consisted of 42 persons and was composed of patients who had no wish to train physically and take medicines. Control group was composed of 43 healthy persons of the same age. In all the examined patients we fulfilled the investigation of basic indices of hemostasis, blood viscosity, erythrocytes' aggregation and deformability. The data were processes by Student's t-criterion.

Results: Patients of both experimental groups initially were noted to have hemostasis activation and negative changes of blood rheological features. In a year of regular athletic exercise patients of the first experimental group reached normalization of arterial pressure. They also had decrease of platelets' aggregative ability (aggregation with ADP 2.13±0.16 Un) and activity weakening of hemostasis plasma link (INR 1.12±0.05, APTT 29.8±0.37 s) to control level. Avoidance of exercise in the second experimental group promoted further increase of functional activity of platelets and plasma hemostasis at simultaneous worsening of relevant blood rheological features.

Conclusion: At initial stages of arterial hypertension development in case of regular athletic exercise fulfilled by young patients it is quite possible to reach normalization of arterial pressure level, hemostasis activity and hemorheology.

Keywords: arterial hypertension, hemostasis, platelets, erythrocytes, blood viscosity, exercises.

How to Cite

Vladimirovna, K., S.Yu, Z., O.N, M., Ya.V, K., A.P, S., T.V, S., E.V, S., V.I, Z., A.V, S., & V.Yu, A. (2017). Impact estimation of long regular exercise on hemostasis and blood rheological features of patients with incipient hypertension. Bali Medical Journal, 6(3), 514–520. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v6i3.552

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