Link of Video Abstract: https://youtu.be/bmHkb4pnp9I
Background: Herpes zoster is an infectious disease caused by the reactivation of the latent varicella zoster virus. One of the complications that has the potential to cause long-term problems is post-herpetic neuralgia. This study aims to evaluate the Herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia progression rate: an epidemiological study at Tertiary Hospital in Bali, Indonesia
Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study. The data was obtained from the patient's medical records in Dermatovenereology Clinic at Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar from January 2020 to December 2021. The samples were all new patients diagnosed with herpes zoster and post-herpetic neuralgia. The variable is sex, age, occupation, comorbid, and location. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25.0 for Windows.
Results: A total of 23 new patients were diagnosed with herpes zoster and the total visit was 132. Most patients were male 12 (52.3% vs 47.7%). The highest age group was more than 65 years old with 12 (51.5%) patients, followed by 45-64 years with 8 (35.6%) patients. The lesion location in most patients was thoracic in 9 patients (38.1%), followed by cervical in 7 patients (29.5%), lumbar in 6 patients (25.8%), and ophthalmic in 1 patient (6.6%). Six patients (26.0%) had comorbid diseases. Ten patients experienced PHN.
Conclusion: Most herpes zoster patients in Dermatovenereology Clinic, Sanglah Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were more than 65 years old, predominantly male sex, with the most common location of herpes zoster in the thoracic region 9 patients (38.1%), and 10 patients (43.5%) had PHN.