ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Factors related to the implementation of universal precautions by nurses in the inpatient unit (IRINA F) Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou Central General Hospital Manado

Christie Wuisan , Starry H. Rampengan, Martha Korompis

Christie Wuisan
Postgraduate programme University of Sam Ratulangi Manado. Email: [email protected]

Starry H. Rampengan
Faculty of Medicine University of Sam Ratulangi Manado

Martha Korompis
Politechnique of Ministry of Health, Manado
Online First: February 08, 2017 | Cite this Article
Wuisan, C., Rampengan, S., Korompis, M. 2017. Factors related to the implementation of universal precautions by nurses in the inpatient unit (IRINA F) Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou Central General Hospital Manado. Bali Medical Journal 6(1): 68-72. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i1.458


Nosocomial infection is an infection acquired when someone had ever been in a hospital or other health care facility. The high incidence rates of nosocomial infections indicate low quality of health services in the hospital. In this regard so that the implementation of universal precautions is an action to control against infections by health workers to reduce the infection transmission risk. The aim of this study is to determine factors related to the implementation of universal precautions by nurses in the inpatient unit (IRINA F) Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou Central General Hospital Manado.

Quantitative research design was employed with analytical survey method and by using cross sectional study approach. The study was conducted in the inpatient unit (IRINA F) Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou Central General Hospital Manado since September – December 2016. Total sampling technique employed to obtain 65 people. Data was collected through validated questionnaires.

The result shows a significant relationship between knowledge and the implementation of universal precautions (p < 0,005), but there is no significant relationship between the availability of facilities and motivation with the implementation of universal precautions (p=0,271 and 0.338, respectively). Multiple logistic regression showing that knowledge is the most predominant factor regarding the implementation of universal precautions by nurses.

Overall, it can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between knowledge with the implementation of universal precautions by nurses. Thus, various efforts to improve the knowledge of nurses regarding with the implementation of universal precautions are necessary in preventing nosocomial infection. 

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