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Community behavioral change and attitudes on the health protocol during the Covid-19 vaccination period and level 1 restriction (PPKM)

Abstract

Link of Video Abstract: https://youtu.be/j5NtdcbvTE4

 

Background: Concern for behavior change in compliance with health protocols during this pandemic continues to increase, especially when the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccination is carried out. During the initial pandemic, the public perceived it as risky to be infected with COVID-19. However, this situation manifests itself in the emergence of a phase where public awareness of wearing masks, maintaining distance, and washing hands is decreasing. This study aimed to understand the impact of implementing the vaccine on the compliance behavior of wearing masks, washing hands, and keeping a distance, as well as attitudes towards behavior complying with health protocols during the COVID-19 vaccination period and the implementation of level 1 restriction on community activities (PPKM).

Method: We used a cross-sectional design, recruiting 110 respondents at the Menteng Primary Health Care Center, Palangka Raya City. Recruited patients were those over 18 years of age. This research instrument is an adaptation of several research questionnaires carried out in Indonesia, and we asked respondents using Indonesian.

Results: Of the 110 respondents, 59.1% were dominated by women, and 61.8% were in the 17-25 age group. A total of 106 respondents (96.4%) revealed that they had received information regarding health protocols. More than 70% obtained information from television (77.3%). Only half of the respondents received the 3rd dose or booster I. Knowledge was not the dominant factor influencing adherence to health protocols, but people's attitudes towards the Covid-19 health protocol. No relationship was found between knowledge and people's behavior toward health protocols.

Conclusion: Most of the respondents (80%) still adhere to health protocols as recommended by the government even though 74.5% of the people have received the 2nd and booster doses of the vaccine.

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How to Cite

Sulistyowati, R. ., Khoirunnisa, Ardiyani, V. D. ., & Syam’ani. (2023). Community behavioral change and attitudes on the health protocol during the Covid-19 vaccination period and level 1 restriction (PPKM). Bali Medical Journal, 12(2), 1470–1477. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v12i2.4269

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