Effectiveness of teaching: Jigsaw technique vs lecture for medical students' Physics course

Maryam Jafariyan, Mohammad Matlabi, Reza Esmaeili, Mojtaba Kianmehr

Maryam Jafariyan
Department of Medical Physics and Radiology, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran

Mohammad Matlabi
Department of Public Health, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.

Reza Esmaeili
Department of Public Health, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.

Mojtaba Kianmehr
Department of Medical Physics and Radiology, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran. Email: [email protected]
Online First: July 22, 2017 | Cite this Article
Jafariyan, M., Matlabi, M., Esmaeili, R., Kianmehr, M. 2017. Effectiveness of teaching: Jigsaw technique vs lecture for medical students' Physics course. Bali Medical Journal 6(3): 529-533. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i3.400

Background: Cooperative learning considered as one of the greatest innovations in the educational system. Jigsaw learning technique, one form of cooperative learning method, has been successfully used to improve academic achievement among students. The present study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of jigsaw technique with lecture-based teaching method for medical students’ physics course. Methods: A pretest was performed on the students to ensure their literacy. Relevant topics, i.e. bioelectricity (first subject) and application of electricity for diagnosis and treatment (second subject) were then presented to the two groups using mentioned methods. A questionnaire with a confirmed validity and reliability and a posttest were used to measure their learning and assess whether it was satisfactory or not. Results: The mean posttest scores differed significantly between the two groups (p < 0.001 for subject 1 and subject 2). More than 80% of the participants agreed or agreed with all the items that assessed their satisfaction with what they had learned in Jigsaw class. However, some of them were concerned about the sufficiency of their learning and their final score. Conclusions: Jigsaw learning technique is recommended as a proper method for teaching physics if the students’ concern about their final score can be resolved and the accuracy of the information conveyed to them is ensured.


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