ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Effectivity of Betel Leaf (Piper betle L.) Gel Extract in Shortening Bleeding Time After Deciduous Tooth Extraction

Regina Tedjasulaksana , Maria Martina Nahak, Ratih Larasati

Regina Tedjasulaksana
Department of Dental Nursing, Health Polytechnic Denpasar, Bali-Indonesia. Email: [email protected]

Maria Martina Nahak
Department of Dental Nursing, Health Polytechnic Denpasar, Bali-Indonesia

Ratih Larasati
Department of Dental Nursing, Health Polytechnic Denpasar, Bali-Indonesia
Online First: January 04, 2017 | Cite this Article
Tedjasulaksana, R., Nahak, M., Larasati, R. 2017. Effectivity of Betel Leaf (Piper betle L.) Gel Extract in Shortening Bleeding Time After Deciduous Tooth Extraction. Bali Medical Journal 6(1): 31-33. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v6i1.374


Background: As an Indonesian traditional medicine, betel leafis often used to stop nosebleed. Effective substances in betel leaves which serves to stop the bleeding is tannin. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the betel leaf ethanol extract gel shortened bleeding time after the revocation of deciduous teeth. Method: This research was conducted at the Department of Dental Nursing Clinic, Health Polytechnic Denpasar.This study is pure experimental research design with Completely Randomized Post Test Only Control Group Design. The total sample of 27 respondents were divided into a treatment group and two control groups. Anterior deciduous teeth on the physiological loose grade 3 or 4 is extracted, then the tooth socket is put pure gel for group 1 to group 2, epinephrine gel and gel ethanol extract of betel leaf for group 3. The bleeding time is calculated from the first moment the blood out until there is blood on filter paper that is placed on the tooth socket. Data were statistically analyzed with descriptive test and comparability test with One Way Anova. Result: The results showed bleeding time pure gel groups differ significantly with epinephrine group and the group of ethanol extract of betel leaf gel (p< 0.05). Bleeding time of epinephrine group did not differ significantly with betel leaf ethanol extract group (p>0.05). Conclusion: This means ethanol gel betel leaf extract can shorten bleeding after deciduous tooth extraction and it is suggested that the use of gel ethanol extract of betel leaves to cope with bleeding after tooth extraction.

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