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Association between spiritual well-being and anxiety among high-risk pregnant women


Background: Pregnancy anxiety occurs due to the transition period of a woman's life due to the physical and emotional changes of pregnancy. About 20% of all pregnancies have a risk of pregnancy that causes a source of stress and anxiety for pregnant women at high risk. Spiritual well-being is a factor that contributes to the quality of life in mothers with high-risk pregnancies.The aims: This study aims to determine the association between spiritual well-being and anxiety among high-risk pregnant women.

Methods: The type of this research is quantitative non-experimental with a cross-sectional approach involving 96 pregnant women was selected using a purposive sampling technique. The instrument used was a spiritual well-being questionnaire in the form of a modified Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) and a modified Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) questionnaire for high-risk pregnant women.

Results: The results showed that spiritual well-being in the high category was 73 people (76 %), mild 22 people (22,9), and low 1 people (1%). The anxiety in the category of severe anxiety was 8 people (8,3%), moderate anxiety was 24 people (25%), mild anxiety was 31 people (32%), and no anxiety was 33 people (34,4%). The Spearman's rho analysis results obtained a p-value of 0,000 (p <0, 05) with a correlation coefficient of r of -0.448.

Conclusion: There was a significant association between spiritual well-being and anxiety among high-risk pregnant women. The higher the spiritual well-being, the lower the anxiety of high-risk pregnant women.


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How to Cite

Oktafia, R., Indriastuti, N. A., & Kusuma, A. N. (2021). Association between spiritual well-being and anxiety among high-risk pregnant women. Bali Medical Journal, 10(3), 1375–1378.




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Riski Oktafia
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Nur Azizah Indriastuti
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Anistia Nanda Kusuma
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