Antiproliferation and Apoptosis Effect of Cisplatin and Nanocurcumin on Ovarian Cancer SKOV3 Cell
- Sigit Purbadi ,
- Muhammad Yusuf ,
- Wawaimuli Arozal ,
- Aroem Naroeni ,
- Hariyono Winarto ,
- Andi Darma Putra ,
- Gilbert Elia Sotarduga ,
Background: Ovarian cancer is one of the leading cancers in women. Seventy percent were founded in the advanced stage, with a 5-year survival rate of only 46%. The current treatment modality is cytoreduction with platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy as the first line. The effectiveness of chemotherapy is only 60% in the advanced stage, later developing into recurrent. Therefore, additional types of therapy are required based on agents that work specifically in cancer cells and synergize with current standard treatments. This study aimed to know the anti-proliferation effect and apoptosis effect of combination cisplatin with nanocurcumin on SKOV3 cells.
Methods: This experimental study was conducted in vitro using the biological cell line SKOV3 to determine the anti-proliferation effect (expression Ki67) and the apoptosis effect (caspase 3 and 8) of combination cisplatin with combination with cisplatin nanocurcumin on the cell. The data were analyzed with unpaired T when regular distribution / Mann Whitney test when the distribution is abnormal and using Graph Pad Prism.
Results: Based on this result, 50cc of nanocurcumin is 67 μm, and 50cc of cisplatin is 54 μm, using the MTT Assay method. The viability of the cells in this study decreased according to the dose-dependent, whereas the combined dose of 134 μm nanocurcumin with 108 μm cisplatin found the lowest life cell, 24.3% (p <0.001). Ki67 expression was low in the SKOV3 cells post-exposure to cisplatin, but increased post-exposure to nanocurcumin, suspected nanocurcumin at certain doses of pro-oxidant properties that triggered proliferation. Caspase 3 and 8 cannot be detected in this cell by the ELISA method.
Conclusions: Nanocurcumin has a potential effect on chemosensitive cells. However, our study shows no healing effect in chemoresistance cells, particularly SKOV3.