Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Parents’ knowledge, attitude, and perception of immunization in Tangerang

Abstract

Introduction: Immunization is an essential component of global efforts worthwhile to reduce illness and child mortality. The results of initial interviews with residents found that residents were traumatized by fake immunization, were afraid of the incidence of infants dying from immunization, felt distrust of the benefits of immunization. This study aims to determine the description of parents’ knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions towards the toddler’s immunization in one village in Tangerang.

Method: The design of this study is quantitative descriptive with a positivism approach. The population includes all parents who have children under five in one village in Tangerang. This study involved 148 respondents obtained through a purposive sampling technique. Data retrieval uses a valid and reliable measurement tool. Univariate data analysis uses descriptive test techniques, which are presented in the frequency distribution table.

Result: The results in this study found that most respondents had good knowledge of immunization as many as 121 respondents (81.8%), more than half of respondents had positive attitudes as many as 82 respondents (55.4%), and more than half of respondents had positive perceptions against immunization, as many as 78 respondents (52.7%).

Conclusion: We need accountable information through the provision of education under local wisdom to change the perceptions and attitudes of parents towards immunization. Further research is necessary to identify parents’ behavior and how it relates to the completeness of toddler immunization.

References

  1. UNICEF. Immunization programme. https://www.unicef.org/immunization (accessed 7 August 2020).
  2. RI KK. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2018.
  3. Kemenkes RI. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2018 [Indonesia Health Profile 2018]. 2019.
  4. Ghedamu TB, Meier BM. Assessing National Public Health Law to Prevent Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Immunization Law as a Basis for Global Health Security. J Law, Med Ethics 2019; 47: 412–426.
  5. Bamatraf FF, Jawass MA. Knowledge and attitude towards childhood immunization among parents in Al-mukalla, Yemen. World Fam Med Journal/Middle East J Fam Med 2018; 16: 24–31.
  6. Szucs T, Quilici S, Panfilo M. From population to public institutions: What needs to be changed to benefit from the full value of vaccination. J Mark Access Heal Policy 2015; 3: 26965.
  7. WHO. Causality Assessment Of An Adverse Event Following Immunization. Geneva, Switzerland, 2018.
  8. Dafrita IE. Ilmu Dan Hakekat Ilmu Pengetahuan Dalam Nilai Agama. J Dakwah. Epub ahead of print 2015. DOI: 10.15408/sjsbs.v6i1.10490.
  9. Suharyat Y. Hubungan antara sikap, minat dan perilaku manusia.
  10. Hemadiyan NJ. Hubungan persepsi orang tua dengan kelengkapan imunisasi dasar pada bayi usia 9-12 bulan. 2017; 120.
  11. Tambak S, Helman H. Peran orang tua dalam mengembangkan kecerdasan emosional anak di desa petonggan kecamatan rakit kulim kabupaten indragiri hulu. Al-Hikmah J Agama dan Ilmu Pengetah 2017; 14: 119–135.
  12. Indonesia KKR. Peraturan menteri kesehatan republik Indonesia: Upaya kesehatan anak. 2014.
  13. Harlimton CK. Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan Dan Kesadaran Ibu Mengenai Pentingnya Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap Pada Anak Di Puskesmas Kassi-Kassi. Epub ahead of print 2017. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1209051.
  14. Sari DD. Faktor-Faktor Pada Ibu Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Bayi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Korpri Kecamatan Sukarame Kota Bandarlampung. Epub ahead of print 2018. DOI: 198.30116.
  15. Dillyana TA, Nurmala I. Correlation Of Knowledge, Attitude And Mother Perception With Basic Immunization Status In Wonokusumo. J Promkes 2019; 7: 68–78.
  16. Indragiri S, Hayati IS. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan status imunisasi hepatitis B pada bayi di wilayah kerja UPTD puskesmas Cingambul kabupaten majalengka. J Kesehat Kartika 2010; 41–50.
  17. Katharina K. Factors That Relate to The Provision Of Measles Immunization to Children Aged 12 Months in Bumi Restu Village Tatakarya Work-area Clinic North Lampung. J Kesehat Metro Sai Wawai 2014; VII: 9.
  18. Frastika I, Rahayu SND, Agustin T, et al. Persepsi dan Sikap Orang Tua tentang Pemberian Imunisasi Anak. J Ilm Ilmu Keperawatan Indones 2020; 10: 24–30.
  19. Kartika Sarri R, Sultan Agung Semarang I, et al. Gambaran pengetahuan dan sikap ibu dalam pemberian imunisasi dasar. 2018; 10: 75–82.
  20. Astuti LDNF. Hubungan Antara Sikap Ibu Tentang Imunisasi Dasar Dengan Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Pada Balita Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Kecamatan Miri Sragen.
  21. Prasetiya dan Niken. Hubungan antara sikap ibu tentang imunisasi dasar dengan kelengkapan imunisasi dasar pada balita di wilayah kerja puskesmas kecamatan miri sragen. Pontif Univ Catol del Peru 2014; 8: 44.
  22. Irajayanti NFN. Hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap ibu dengan kelengkapan imunisasi dasar pada bayi di puskesmas sendana kota Palopo tahun 2018. 2018; 01: 126–133.
  23. Yuliati A, Aprilia Ayu Y. Hubungan sikap ibu dengan kelengkapan imunisasi dasar di wilayah kerja puskesmas sekincau kabupaten lampung barat. J Ilm Keperawatan Sai Betik 2018; 14: 205–210.
  24. Mariati T. Hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap orang tua dengan status imunisasi anaknya di wilayah kerja bantul, Yokyakarta. 2017.
  25. Muslimah M. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kelengkapan imunisasu dasar pada anak umur 12- bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Gambok kabupaten junjung tahun. J Politek Kesehat.
  26. Wulandari D, Dwidiyanti M. Pengetahuan dan Persepsi Ibu yang Menolak Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Balita. IJMS - Indones J Med Sci 2017; 4 No. 1: 44–55.
  27. Daman N jelita A, Hargono A. Pengaruh sikap dan persepsi ibu terhadap dukungan tokoh agama serta dukungan keluarga terhadap status kelengkapan imunisasi dasar bayi. J Ilm Kesehat Media Husada 2018; 6: 265–276.
  28. Oktaviandi CL, Murtilita, Fujiana F. Persepsi ibu terhadap pemberian imunisasi measles-rubella (mr) di wilayah kerja puskesmas rasau jaya studi kualitatif : fenomenologi transenden. J Ners 2019; 1: 20.

How to Cite

Sinaga, J. A. F., Sari, Y. M., Takaendengan, Y. A., Kartika, L., & Tahapary, P. A. (2021). Parents’ knowledge, attitude, and perception of immunization in Tangerang. Bali Medical Journal, 10(3), 1206–1210. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v10i3.2867

HTML
1

Total
65

Share

Search Panel

Juan Antonio Fernando Sinaga
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Yohana Melani Sari
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Yovin Azriella Takaendengan
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Lia Kartika
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal


Prisca Adipertiwi Tahapary
Google Scholar
Pubmed
BMJ Journal