ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Functional Movement Screen (FMS) as a determinant factor to assess the risk of injuries in young athletes at Jakarta Province, Indonesia

Anthony Anthony , Trevino Aristarkus Pakasi, Jull Kurniarobbi

Anthony Anthony
Fellowship student, Sport Medicine Science, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia. Email: [email protected]

Trevino Aristarkus Pakasi
Doctor-Senior Scale, Family Medicine Division, Universitas Indonesia, Makara Satelite Clinic, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Jull Kurniarobbi
Supervisor-Senior Scale, Sport Medicine Science, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Online First: October 23, 2021 | Cite this Article
Anthony, A., Pakasi, T., Kurniarobbi, J. 2021. Functional Movement Screen (FMS) as a determinant factor to assess the risk of injuries in young athletes at Jakarta Province, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal 10(3): 895-900. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v10i3.2638


Background: Lower extremity injuries are the most common injuries in young athletes due to running, jumping, sudden change of movement, and contact with the other player in most of the sport’s activities. Preventive efforts are the most effective ways to decrease the risk of lower extremity injuries. Functional Movement Screen (FMS) can be considered effective ways in helping to identify risk factors in the young athlete. This study aims to evaluate the FMS as a determinant factor to assess the risk of injuries in young athletes in Jakarta Province, Indonesia

Methods: Participants were young athletes who train in Provincial Student Sports Training Center (PSSTC), South Jakarta. Athlete age less than 18 years old, agree to participate in this research and has normal physical health will be included in this research and proceed to be asked time exposure of training and history of injuries; body posture and FMS examination. Analysis bivariate dan multivariate were done to see if there is the association of seven components of FMS, sex, time exposure of training, history of injuries, body posture and lower extremity injuries. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 for Windows.

Results: There was 87 participant that participated in this research. The data showed that ankle (36.7%), thigh (36.7%) and knee (16.0%) were the three most common lower extremity injuries. Bivariate analysis showed a significant association between hurdle step, time exposure of training, and histories of injuries with the incidence of injuries (p<0.25). Logistic regression multivariate analysis showed that history of injuries (OR=4.276; 95%CI=1.599-11.437) and time exposure of training (OR=3.470; 95%CI=1.274-9.448) had a significant association with incidence of injuries (p<0.05)

Conclusions: There was no association of seven components of FMS with lower extremities injuries. However, there was a significant association of injury histories and training exposure with the incidence of injuries.

References

Adirim TA, Cheng TL. Overview of injuries in the young athlete. Sports Med. 2003;33(1):75-81.

Sreekaarini L, Eapen C, Zulfeequer CP. Prevalence of sports injuries in adolescent athletes. J Athl Enhanc. 2014;3(5):1-5.

Fourchet F, Horobeanu C, Loepelt H, Taiar R, Millet GP. Foot, ankle, and lower leg injuries in young male track and field athletes. Int J Athl Ther Train. 2016;16(3):19–23.

Fullem BW. Overuse lower extremity injuries in sports. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2015;32(2):239-251.

Cook G, Burton L, Hoogenboom B. Pre-participation screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function - part 1. N Am J Sports Phys Ther. 2006;1(2):62-72.

Kraus K, Schütz E, Taylor WR, Doyscher R. Efficacy of the functional movement screen: a review. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(12):3571-3584.

Cook G, Burton L, Hoogenboom B. Pre-participation screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function - part 2. N Am J Sports Phys Ther. 2006;1(3):132-139.

Solovjova J, Upitis I, Grants J, Kalmikovs JJ. Posture specifics in young athletes in different sports. Latv Acad Sport Educ. 2014;3(1):49-54.

Grabara M, Hadzik A. The body posture in young athletes compared to their peers. Med Sport Press. 2009;2(6):115–24.

Zaharieva D. The influence of elite sport on athletics’ posture. Research in Kinesiology. 2016;44(2):206–212.

Post EG, Trigsted SM, Riekena JW, Hetzel S, McGuine TA, Brooks MA, et al. The Association of Sport Specialization and Training Volume With Injury History in Youth Athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2017;45(6):1405-1412.

Bueno AM, Pilgaard M, Hulme A, Forsberg P, Ramskov D, Damsted C, et al. Injury prevalence across sports: a descriptive analysis on a representative sample of the Danish population. Inj Epidemiol. 2018;5(1):1-8.

Marques VB, Medeiros TM, de Souza Stigger F, Nakamura FY, Baroni BM. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) in Elite Young Soccer Players Between 14 And 20 Years: Composite Score, Individual-Test Scores and Asymmetries. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2017;12(6):977-985.

Fernandez WG, Yard EE, Comstock RD. Epidemiology of lower extremity injuries among U.S. high school athletes. Acad Emerg Med. 2007;14(7):641-645.

Mokha M, Sprague PA, Gatens DR. Predicting Musculoskeletal Injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II Athletes From Asymmetries and Individual-Test Versus Composite Functional Movement Screen Scores. J Athl Train. 2016;51(4):276-282.

Hägglund M, Waldén M, Ekstrand J. Previous injury as a risk factor for injury in elite football: a prospective study over two consecutive seasons. Br J Sports Med. 2006;40(9):767-772.

Kucera KL, Marshall SW, Kirkendall DT, Marchak PM, Garrett WE Jr. Injury history as a risk factor for incident injury in youth soccer. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39(7):462.

Peterson L, Junge A, Chomiak J, Graf-Baumann T, Dvorak J. Incidence of football injuries and complaints in different age groups and skill-level groups. Am J Sports Med. 2000;28(5 Suppl):S51-S57.

Chomiak J, Junge A, Peterson L, Dvorak J. Severe injuries in football players. Influencing factors. Am J Sports Med. 2000;28(5 Suppl):S58-S68.

Bahr R, Holme I. Risk factors for sports injuries--a methodological approach. Br J Sports Med. 2003;37(5):384-392.

Sugiarto D, Andriati, laswati H, Kimura H. Comparison of the increase of both muscle strength and hypertrophy of biceps brachii muscle in strengthening exercise with low-intensity resistance training with and without the application of blood flow restriction and high-intensity resistance training. Bali Medical Journal. 2017;6(2):251-257.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 0
PDF Downloads : 0