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The effect of cutaneous candidiasis toward skin moisture in Haji Adam Malik Central Hospital in Medan

  • Ira Armayanti ,
  • Meidina Kusuma Wardani ,
  • Lukmanul Hakim Nasution ,

Abstract

Background: Cutaneous candidiasis is the second most common fungal infection. One of the predisposing factors for candidiasis is moisture. Excess moisture will cause skin damage related to skin moisture or also known as Moisture-Associated Skin Damage (MASD) is defined as inflammation and erosion of the skin caused by prolonged exposure to various sources of moisture. This study aimed to determine the comparison of skin moisture in patients with cutaneous candidiasis and without cutaneous candidiasis

Subjects and Methods: This study was an observational analytic test with a cross sectional approach on 32 subjects with cutaneous candidiasis and 32 subjects without cutaneous candidiasis. The diagnosis was confirmed by clinical examination, skin scraping with 10% KOH and fungal culture. Check skin moisture using a scalar moisture checker on the volar lower arm.

Results: The majority of the subjects' age ranged from 40-49 years (28.1%). The majority of gender is female (62.5%). The majority of body mass index is overweight (46.9%). The majority of occupations are service and sales personnel consisting of traders and employees (43,8%). The majority have middle education level is senior high school/equivalent (43.7%). Distribution of cutaneous candidiasis by location. Majority was  intertriginous candidiasis (50.0%). The degree of skin moisture in candidiasis subjects was wet as many as 19 people (59.4%) and subjects without candidiasis were normal as many as 21 people (65.6%). Humidity in cutaneous candidiasis subjects compared with subjects without cutaneous candidiasis showed a significant difference (p = 0.001).

Conclusion : Subjects with cutaneous candidiasis had a wetter level of skin moisture than subjects without cutaneous candidiasis.

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How to Cite

Armayanti, I., Wardani, M. K., & Nasution, L. H. (2021). The effect of cutaneous candidiasis toward skin moisture in Haji Adam Malik Central Hospital in Medan. Bali Medical Journal, 10(2), 802–806. https://doi.org/10.15562/bmj.v10i2.2611

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Ira Armayanti
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Meidina Kusuma Wardani
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Lukmanul Hakim Nasution
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