Management of Spinal Tuberculosis (TB) in Developing Country

Tjokorda GB Mahadewa

Tjokorda GB Mahadewa
Neurosurgery Department-Udayana University/Sanglah Hospital- Bali-Indonesia. Email: [email protected]
Online First: July 04, 2016 | Cite this Article
Mahadewa, T. 2016. Management of Spinal Tuberculosis (TB) in Developing Country. Bali Medical Journal 5(2): 308-310. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v5i2.245

Background: Tuberculosis on the spine is involved approximately 1 % of all tuberculosis cases. It is a lethal type of TB skeletal due to highly neurologic compromised because of adjacent medullary compression and incidence kyphotic deformity. Early diagnosis and management of this disease is mandatory to prevent serious complications. Method: Serial case report was conducted in Sanglah General Hospital from January 2014 until December 2015. All patients were diagnosed based on local protocol using appropriate imaging technique. All patients were treated by anti-tuberculosis drugs for 2 weeks followed by functional assessment by MMT, ASIA, and JOA. Result: The author reported 10 patients of spinal TB whom were treated in Sanglah Hospital, Bali between January 2014-Desember 2015. Among pts 8 male and 2 female with location of spinal TB i.e 4 in thoracal, 4 in lumbal and 2 in cervicothoracal.  Preoperative ASIA scale was an average scale C and postoperative ASIA scale was in D.  The average JOA pre-surgical score was 10.5 and postsurgical  was 14.5.  Improvement  using the formula JOA achieved with an average of 21.6 %. All patients neurologically improved, no complications and surgical implant failures in this series. Conclusions: Surgical management of spinal tuberculosis, if delivered with appropriate indication, proved to be effective in correcting spinal kyphosis. Early management is mandatory in order to ensure better prognosis.

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