ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Self-Medication and Contributing Factors: A Questionnaire Survey Among Iranian Households

Nadia Abdarzadeh , Mohammad Ranjbar Ezzatabadi, Sima Rafiei, Milad Shafiei, Arefeh Dehghani Tafti, Fatemeh Saghafi, Mohammad Amin Bahrami

Nadia Abdarzadeh
MS.C in healthcare management, Health Services Management Department, Shahid Sadoughi university of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran. Email: [email protected]

Mohammad Ranjbar Ezzatabadi
Ph.D. in health policy, health policy research center, Shahid Sadoughi university of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran

Sima Rafiei
Ph.D. in healthcare management, Health Services Management Department, Qazvin university of medical sciences, Qazvin, Iran

Milad Shafiei
Ph.D. in healthcare management, hospital management research center, Shahid Sadoughi university of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran

Arefeh Dehghani Tafti
MS.C in Biostatistics, Biostatistics Departement, Shahid Sadoughi university of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran

Fatemeh Saghafi
MS.C in healthcare management, Health Services Management Department, Shahid Sadoughi university of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran

Mohammad Amin Bahrami
Ph.D. in health care management, hospital management research center, Shahid Sadoughi university of medical sciences, Yazd, Iran
Online First: August 31, 2016 | Cite this Article
Abdarzadeh, N., Ezzatabadi, M., Rafiei, S., Shafiei, M., Tafti, A., Saghafi, F., Bahrami, M. 2016. Self-Medication and Contributing Factors: A Questionnaire Survey Among Iranian Households. Bali Medical Journal 5(3): 376-380. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v5i3.222


Background: Self-medication is a serious danger in every health sector which potentially brings harmful side effects for the society. The aim of this research was to investigate self-medication and its contributing factors among residents of Yazd province in Iran in 2014. Methods: A descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted in 2014 using a self-constructed questionnaire. A total of 580 families living in Yazd in the time period of study were contributed to fill out the questions organized in two sections of demographic and self-medication factors. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16 through appropriate descriptive and analytical statistical tests. Results: Self-medication was reported in 53.4% of the cases. The most frequent self-prescribed medications were related to pain killer drugs (26.6%). There was a significant statistical relation between self-medication and households’ age, occupation and income, level of parents’ education, number of children and place of residence. Among different reasons for self-medication the most important one was reported to be accessibility (3.44+1.3). Conclusion: Due to the considerable prevalence of self-medication and its harmful effects on every society, such an issue should be appropriately controlled through legal regulations particularly in the area of selling dangerous drugs. Furthermore, provision of proper information and warning the population about harmful side effects can be helpful in this regard. 

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