ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Effect of oral L-Arginine supplementation on intima hyperplasia after Fogarty balloon embolectomy catheterization in New Zealand Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Syahroni Ibnu , Bambang Sektiari Lukiswanto, Djoko Legowo, Budiono Kasirin, Ito Puruhito

Syahroni Ibnu
Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga-Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Email: [email protected]

Bambang Sektiari Lukiswanto
Surgery Division, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Djoko Legowo
Department of Pathology Veteriner, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Budiono Kasirin
Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Ito Puruhito
Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga-Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Ibnu, S., Lukiswanto, B., Legowo, D., Kasirin, B., Puruhito, I. 2020. Effect of oral L-Arginine supplementation on intima hyperplasia after Fogarty balloon embolectomy catheterization in New Zealand Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Bali Medical Journal 9(3): 849-854. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v9i3.2086


Background: Acute limb ischemic is a disease that threatens the viability of the leg with the threat of amputation to death. Fast and accurate diagnosis is essential in the management of this disease, one of the most commonly performed surgical therapies in Indonesia is thromboembolectomy using a Fogarty catheter. Thromboembolectomy with this method is very effective but gives a variety of complications, one the complication is the occurrence of intima hyperplasia which affects the lumen restenosis of the blood vessels. The aim of this study is to determine whether the administration of oral L-Arginine as a supplement for 4 weeks after endothelial trauma with a Fogarty embolectomy balloon catheter can prevent the incidence of intimal hyperplasia of the iliac artery of the New Zealand Rabbit (Cuniculus oryctolagus).

Methods: Experimental study with 16 experimental animals of Oryctolagus cuniculus rabbits subjected to endothelial trauma with Fogarty catheters and divided into 2 groups. The control group was not given L-Arginine and the experimental group was given post-treatment oral L-Arginine for 4 weeks, then the intima-media ratio was compared with histopathological examination.

Results: There was a significant difference in the ratio of intima-media thickness between the control group (without L-Arginine administration) 5.13 ± 4.12 and the experimental group (with L-Arginine administration) 1.18 ± 0.59 (p=0.03 ). Significant differences were also found in the intima thickness of the control group 302.22 ± 217.42 and the experimental group 118.21 ± 32.59 (p=0.048). Meanwhile, for the thickness of the tunica media and the intima-media complex, there were no significant differences observed.

Conclusion: Administration of L-Arginine orally after endothelial trauma with Fogarty catheter in rabbit iliac artery significantly reduces the degree of intima hyperplasia.

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