ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Correlation between stress level and family support towards fasting and postprandial glucose level in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Ni Wayan Trisnadewi , I Made Sudarma Adiputra, Ni Putu Wiwik Oktaviani, Putu Aris Suapriyanti, Ni Luh Gede Intan Saraswati

Ni Wayan Trisnadewi
Doctoral Program in Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Bali-Indonesia; Wira Medika School of Health, Bali-Indonesia. Email: [email protected]

I Made Sudarma Adiputra
Doctoral Program in Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Bali-Indonesia

Ni Putu Wiwik Oktaviani
Wira Medika School of Health, Bali-Indonesia

Putu Aris Suapriyanti
Wira Medika School of Health, Bali-Indonesia

Ni Luh Gede Intan Saraswati
Wira Medika School of Health, Bali-Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Trisnadewi, N., Adiputra, I., Oktaviani, N., Suapriyanti, P., Intan Saraswati, N. 2020. Correlation between stress level and family support towards fasting and postprandial glucose level in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Bali Medical Journal 9(3): 811-815. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v9i3.2006


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by increased blood glucose (hyperglycemia). Stress and family’s support in managing diabetic Mellitus are two critical external factors that influence blood glucose levels. This research aimed to analyze the relationship between stress level and family’s support with fasting blood glucose levels and 2 hours post prandial in T2DM patients.

Method: Study design using cross sectional model. Eligible T2DM patients in Tabanan II primary health care center, between period September 2017- February 2018 were evaluated for fasting and post prandial blood glucose and stress level (Depression Anxiety Stres Scale-14) and family support. Spearman correlation test was used to determine correlation between family support and stress level toward fasting and post prandial glucose levels in T2DM patients.

Result: The result suggested that 29 respondents (36.3%) get severe stress levels, 51 respondents (63.85%)  get high family support, fasting blood glucose level was 168.42±63.57 and post prandial glucose level was 229.18±88.593. There was a positive correlation between family support and stress level toward fasting glucose level (r=0.341; p<0,001) and post prandial glucose level (r=0.276; p<0,001).

Conclusion: Stress level and family support in diabetic mellitus management can influence fasting and post prandial glucose level T2DM patients. Managing stress and family support can assist in stabilizing fasting and post prandial glucose level.

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