Background: Hypertension is an increase in persistent blood pressure with systolic 140 mmHg and diastolic â‰¥ 90 mmHg. In Indonesia, hypertension ranks the 6th largest non-infectious disease, with a prevalence of 25.8%. Uncontrolled hypertension results in target organ damage, causing strokes, heart attacks, retinopathy, or kidney disorders. The presence of protein in urine can be a marker of kidney abnormality. This study evaluates the relationship between blood pressure and urine protein examination in fishermen of Batu Karas Village, Cijulang, Pangandaran, West Java.
Methods: The descriptive-analytic cross-sectional study was conducted using a total sampling of 97 Batu Karas fishermen. Samples were examined their blood pressure and urine dipstick at the social service event of Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta, in August 2016. Univariate analysis and gamma relationship tests were done using SPSS version 21 for Windows.
Results: In the fishermen with normal blood pressure, we found 29 samples with 1+ protein urine, two samples were 2+, and 11 were negative. In the pre-hypertensive group, 27 were 1+, and 15 were negative. In the stage I hypertension group, three were 1+, and four were negative. In the stage II hypertension group, three were 1+, and three were negative. We also found a significant correlation between blood pressure and urine protein examination results (p=0.048).
Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between blood pressure and urine protein examination results in fishermen in Batukaras, Cijulang, Pangandaran, West Java.