ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Factors affecting the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score in the epilepsy patients in Aceh, Indonesia

Nova Dian Lestari , Rizkidawati Rizkidawati, Cut Prita Shafira, Suherman Suherman, Endang Mutiawati

Nova Dian Lestari
Neurology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, The Zainoel Abidin General Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Email: [email protected]

Rizkidawati Rizkidawati
Neurology Resident, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Cut Prita Shafira
Medical Student, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Suherman Suherman
Neurology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, The Zainoel Abidin General Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Endang Mutiawati
Neurology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, The Zainoel Abidin General Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
Online First: April 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Lestari, N., Rizkidawati, R., Shafira, C., Suherman, S., Mutiawati, E. 2020. Factors affecting the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score in the epilepsy patients in Aceh, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal 9(1): 185-188. DOI:10.15562/bmj.v9i1.1736


Background: Epilepsy patients in developing countries is quite high. A person can have epilepsy within a certain time limit, but also not a few people who survive with this condition for life. This situation will affect cognitive function. Cognitive function impairment in epilepsy patients can be triggered by various factors related to aetiology, clinical, and others. Therefore, we tried to find the factors that influence the cognitive function in epilepsy patients.

Methods: This study was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The study was conducted using primary data obtained from direct interviews and MMSE examination and secondary data obtained from medical records to confirm the diagnosis of epilepsy. Samples were collected based on the diagnosis of neurologist in the patient's medical record at the Regional General Hospital Dr. Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh from October to December 2019. This study involved thirty-four epilepsy patients.

Result: There were cognitive function decreased in recalling 47,1% and 26,5% in Attention and calculation. The relationship between the frequency of seizure (p = 0.028) and therapy (p = 0.012) on the  MMSE .

Conclusion: Politherapy was the dominant factor affecting the MMSE score of epilepsy patients.

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