ORIGINAL ARTICLE

The characteristics of neurocognitive function in farmers exposed to chronic pesticides at Banjar Tengah Kelod, Kerambitan, Tabanan, Bali, Indonesia

Dewa Putu Gde Purwa Samatra , Ni Luh Putu Dirasandhi Semedi Putri

Dewa Putu Gde Purwa Samatra
Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali-Indonesia. Email: [email protected]

Ni Luh Putu Dirasandhi Semedi Putri
Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali-Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2019 | Cite this Article
Samatra, D., Putri, N. 2019. The characteristics of neurocognitive function in farmers exposed to chronic pesticides at Banjar Tengah Kelod, Kerambitan, Tabanan, Bali, Indonesia. Bali Medical Journal 8(3). DOI:10.15562/bmj.v8i3.1533


Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the characteristics of neurocognitive function in farmers exposed to chronic pesticides.

Material and Methods: This study uses a descriptive cross-sectional design with total sampling methods. The study was conducted from 1st January 2019 until 31st January 2019 located in Banjar Tengah Kelod, Kerambitan sub-district, Tabanan district, Bali, Indonesia.

Results: A total of 60 samples, consisted of 36 samples (60%) were women and 24 samples (40%) were men were obtained. The median age of the study sample was 55 year-old. Most of the samples who experienced neurocognitive impairment used organophosphate pesticides (60%), followed by organochlorine (20%), carbamate (13.3%), and pyrethroid (6.7%). Organophosphate users experienced neurocognitive impairment in both memory domain (mean score of 1.5 what scoring was used?) and visuospatial executive functions (mean score of 1, what scoring system?). The mean memory function score in the organochlorine user group was the highest compared to other groups of pesticide users while the average score of visuospatial function was 1. The samples of the study using carbamate pesticides had the same average score in both domains of neurocognitive function. The mean score of memory function in pyrethroid user was 2.5 and the average score of executive visuospatial function was 1.

Conclusion: Chronic exposure to the four types of pesticides provided a picture of neurocognitive function impairment, including memory, visuospatial and executive functions. This result did not show clinical significance. The addition of sample size and analytic method studies should be considered for further research.

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