Background: Oral health can affect the quality of life. Tooth loss, as an oral health problem in elderly, is mainly caused by caries and periodontal disease. This study aims to determine the effect of tooth loss on the quality of life among elderly
Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted at 5 Posbindu, Bojongnangka, Kelapa Dua Sub-District, Tangerang. There were 93 respondents aged â‰¥ 50 years old enrolled in this study by purposive sampling method. Self-administered Quality of Life questioner from Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) was carried out. Data were analyzed using chi-square and logistic regression.
Results: Mean value of tooth loss varied from 1 to 28 teeth about 11.24 Â± 7.4, anterior tooth lost from 0 to 12 was 2.72 Â± 3.47, while posterior tooth loss from 1 to 14 teeth was 8.52 Â± 4.46. About 51.6% of elderly having a good quality of life. There was a significant relationship between age and quality of life (P = 0.000; OR 8.31) and between quality of both anterior (P = 0.017; OR 2.00) and posterior tooth loss (P = 0.031; OR 2.50). Quality of life had no significant relationship with gender, work status, and education (P > 0.05). In the last model of logistic regression, we got age and anterior tooth lost affect quality of life significantly (P = 0.000; OR 8.76 and P = 0.022; OR 2.97)
Conclusion: We concluded that age and anterior tooth lost are important factors of quality of life among elderly.